Census 2020: Everything You Need to Know | Все, що Вам Потрібно Знати

United states census graphic 2020

Shape your Future – Формуйте Ваше Майбутнє!

Метою перепису населення 2020 року є підрахунок кількості всіх дорослих осіб, немовлят і дітей, які проживають у Сполучених Штатах Америки. Бюро перепису населення США є урядовою організацією, яка проводить такий підрахунок кожні десять років. Перепис населення надає важливі дані, які можуть впливати на різні сфери вашого життя. Законодавці, власники підприємств, учителі й представники багатьох інших професій щодня застосовують ці дані для надання вашій громаді послуг, товарів і підтримки. Одна особа з кожної домівки повинна відповісти на запитання опитувальника Бюро перепису населення на сайті, по телефону або надіслати відповіді поштою. Необхідно зазначити кожного, хто проживає за адресою, в тому числі новонароджених, дітей молодшого віку, а також усіх друзів і членів родини, які проживають і ночують за цією адресою більшу частину часу. Для отримання додаткової інформації, натисніть тут.

The 2020 Census is more than a population count. It’s an opportunity to shape the future of your community. The results of the 2020 Census will help determine how hundreds of billions of dollars in federal funding flow into communities every year for the next decade. That funding shapes many different aspects of every community, no matter the size, no matter the location.

What is the 2020 Census?

The 2020 Census counts every person living in the 50 states, District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories. The count is mandated by the Constitution and conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, a nonpartisan government agency. In mid-March, homes across the country will begin receiving invitations to complete the 2020 Census. Each home will receive an invitation to respond to a short questionnaire—online, by phone, or by mail.

Why is it required? 

Everyone living in the 50 states, District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories (Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) is required by law to be counted in the 2020 Census. The results are used to determine how much funding local communities receive for key public services and how many seats each state gets in Congress. State and local officials also use census counts to draw boundaries for congressional, state legislative, and school districts.

Why is the data important? 

The results of this once-a-decade count determine the number of seats each state has in the House of Representatives. They are also used to draw congressional and state legislative districts. Over the next decade, lawmakers, business owners, and many others will use 2020 Census data to make critical decisions. The results will show where communities need new schools, new clinics, new roads, and more services for families, older adults, and children.

The U.S. Constitution mandates that the country count its population once every 10 years. The results are used to adjust or redraw electoral districts, based on where populations have increased or decreased. The results of the 2020 Census will inform decisions about allocating hundreds of billions of dollars in federal funding to communities across the country—for hospitals, fire departments, school lunch programs, and other critical programs and services. The 2020 Census will be valuable to businesses, as the results will provide a rich set of data on the communities they serve, including population trends and growth projections.

Learn more about the importance of data by clicking here.

What types of questions are asked?

You will answer a simple questionnaire about yourself and everyone who is living with you on April 1, 2020. To view the types of questions asked, please click here. Please note, there is no citizenship questions on the 2020 census. Here is a guide on how to respond to the 2020 Census Paper Questionnaire in English and Ukrainian.

How do you respond?

You will have three options for responding:

  • Online
  • By phone
  • By mail

Who to include in the Census?

If you are filling out the census for your home, you should count everyone who is living there as of April 1, 2020. Please also be sure to count roommates, young children, newborns, and anyone who is renting a space in your home. It is important to remember to count any children who are living with you. This includes:

  • All children who live in your home, including foster children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, and the children of friends (even if they are living with you temporarily).
  • Children who split their time between homes, if they are living with you on April 1, 2020.
  • Newborn babies, even those who are born on April 1, 2020, or who are still in the hospital on this date.

What are some important dates?

  • March 12 – 20: Households will begin receiving official Census Bureau mail with detailed information on how to respond to the 2020 Census online, by phone, or by mail.
  • April 1: Census Day is observed nationwide. By this date, every home will receive an invitation to participate in the 2020 Census. Once the invitation arrives, you should respond for your home in one of three ways: online, by phone, or by mail. When you respond to the census, you’ll tell the Census Bureau where you live as of April 1, 2020.
  • April: Census takers will begin visiting college students who live on campus, people living in senior centers, and others who live among large groups of people. Census takers also begin conducting quality check interviews to help ensure an accurate count.
  • May – July: Census takers will begin visiting homes that haven’t responded to the 2020 Census to help make sure everyone is counted.

Do Census Representatives visit your home? 

In May, they will begin visiting homes that haven’t responded to the census to help ensure everyone is counted. These census takers are there to help, and they are legally bound to protect your information. Your information is such an important part of the 2020 Census, that if you haven’t responded on your own, we send census takers to help make sure you are counted.

If someone visits your home to collect information for the 2020 Census, check to make sure that they have a valid ID badge, with their photograph, a U.S. Department of Commerce watermark, and an expiration date. Census workers may also carry Census Bureau bags and other equipment with the Census Bureau logo. If you still have questions about their identity, you can contact your Regional Census Center to speak with a Census Bureau representative.

How to avoid fraud and scams? 

During the 2020 Census, the Census Bureau will never ask you for:

  • Your Social Security number.
  • Money or donations.
  • Anything on behalf of a political party.
  • Your bank or credit card account numbers.

If someone claiming to be from the Census Bureau contacts you via email or phone and asks you for one of these things, it’s a scam, and you should not cooperate. For more information, visit Avoiding Fraud and Scams.

How is your data protected? 

The Census Bureau is bound by Title 13 of the U.S. Code to keep your information confidential. Under Title 13, the Census Bureau cannot release any identifiable information about you, your home, or your business, even to law enforcement agencies. The law ensures that your private data is protected and that your answers cannot be used against you by any government agency or court. The answers you provide are used only to produce statistics. You are kept anonymous: The Census Bureau is not permitted to publicly release your responses in any way that could identify you or anyone else in your home.

Information for foreign citizens in the United States

Citizens of foreign countries who are living in the United States, including members of the diplomatic community, should be counted at the U.S. residence where they live and sleep most of time. Citizens of foreign countries who are visiting the United States on vacation or business on April 1, 2020, should not be counted.

Are non-citizens counted in the census?

Yes, everyone counts. The 2020 Census counts everyone living in the country, including non-citizens. Learn more about who should be counted when you complete the 2020 Census.

Additional Resources

Learn more about the 2020 Census: